Back-End
Top 20 Usefull git commands

Top 20 Usefull git commands

git config
git init
git clone
git add
git commit
git diff
git reset
git status
git rm
git log
git show
git tag
git branch
git checkout
git merge
git remote
git push
git pull
git stash
So, let’s get started!

Git Commands
git config
Usage: git config –global user.name “[name]”

Usage: git config –global user.email “[email address]”

This command sets the author name and email address respectively to be used with your commits.

Git Config Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git init
Usage: git init [repository name]

This command is used to start a new repository.

GitInit Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git clone
Usage: git clone [url]

This command is used to obtain a repository from an existing URL.

Git Clone Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git add
Usage: git add [file]

This command adds a file to the staging area.

Git Add Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git add *

This command adds one or more to the staging area.

Git Add Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git commit
Usage: git commit -m “[ Type in the commit message]”

This command records or snapshots the file permanently in the version history.

Git Commit Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git commit -a

This command commits any files you’ve added with the git add command and also commits any files you’ve changed since then.

Git Commit Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git diff
Usage: git diff

This command shows the file differences which are not yet staged.

Git Diff Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git diff –staged

This command shows the differences between the files in the staging area and the latest version present.

Git Diff Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git diff [first branch] [second branch]

This command shows the differences between the two branches mentioned.

Git Diff Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git reset
Usage: git reset [file]

This command unstages the file, but it preserves the file contents.

Git Reset Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git reset [commit]

This command undoes all the commits after the specified commit and preserves the changes locally.

Git Reset Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git reset –hard [commit] This command discards all history and goes back to the specified commit.

Git Reset Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git status
Usage: git status

This command lists all the files that have to be committed.

Git Status Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git rm
Usage: git rm [file]

This command deletes the file from your working directory and stages the deletion.

Git Rm Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git log
Usage: git log

This command is used to list the version history for the current branch.

Git Log Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git log –follow[file]

This command lists version history for a file, including the renaming of files also.

Git Log Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git show
Usage: git show [commit]

This command shows the metadata and content changes of the specified commit.

Git Show Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git tag
Usage: git tag [commitID]

This command is used to give tags to the specified commit.

Git Tag Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git branch
Usage: git branch

This command lists all the local branches in the current repository.

Git Branch Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git branch [branch name]

This command creates a new branch.

Git Branch Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git branch -d [branch name]

This command deletes the feature branch.

Git Branch Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git checkout
Usage: git checkout [branch name]

This command is used to switch from one branch to another.

Git Checkout Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git checkout -b [branch name]

This command creates a new branch and also switches to it.

Git Checkout Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git merge
Usage: git merge [branch name]

This command merges the specified branch’s history into the current branch.

Git Merge Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git remote
Usage: git remote add [variable name] [Remote Server Link]

This command is used to connect your local repository to the remote server.

Git Remote Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git push
Usage: git push [variable name] master

This command sends the committed changes of master branch to your remote repository.

Git Push Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git push [variable name] [branch]

This command sends the branch commits to your remote repository.

Git Push Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git push –all [variable name]

This command pushes all branches to your remote repository.

Git Push Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git push [variable name] :[branch name]

This command deletes a branch on your remote repository.

Git Push Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git pull
Usage: git pull [Repository Link]

This command fetches and merges changes on the remote server to your working directory.

Git Pull Command – Git Commands – Edureka

git stash
Usage: git stash save

This command temporarily stores all the modified tracked files.

Git Stash Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git stash pop

This command restores the most recently stashed files.

Git Stash Command – Git Commands – Edureka

Usage: git stash list

This command lists all stashed changesets.

Git Stash Command – Git Commands – tecyniel

Usage: git stash drop

This command discards the most recently stashed changeset.

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